Recently, a research team at the Institute for Health Metrics and Analysis at the University of Washington in the United States predicted through the internationally renowned academic journal ‘The Lancet’ that the number of diabetic patients worldwide will reach 1.3 billion by 2050. This number is twice the current number of people with diabetes. According to the world population trends announced by the United Nations, the current population has exceeded 8 billion and is expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050. By 2050, more than 1 in 10 people worldwide will have diabetes.
In addition, the research team comprehensively analyzed the prevalence of diabetes patients worldwide using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study from 1990 to 2021. As a result, the prevalence of diabetes worldwide is expected to rise from the current 6.1% to 9.8%.
The most important thing in treating and preventing diabetes is ‘blood sugar control’. Our body maintains the homeostasis of the environment in the body by balancing supply and consumption to maintain life. The same is true of ‘blood sugar’, the glucose in the blood.
In normal cases, pre-meal blood sugar is maintained at less than 100 mg/dl, and after meals it rises by 20 to 60 mg/dl to maintain less than 140 mg/dl. However, if blood sugar rises and falls rapidly after eating due to various causes such as irregular meals먹튀검증, overeating, intake of sugary foods, lack of sleep/exercise, and stress, the blood sugar fluctuation graph appears in a sharp shape, which is called a ‘blood sugar spike’. .
To put it simply, it is a case of high blood sugar volatility. As blood sugar rises rapidly, our body improves the work of the pancreas to return to its place. If this burden continues for a long time, the function of the pancreas may eventually deteriorate, making it difficult to control sugar.
As a result, diabetes, as well as its complications, can cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, microvascular diseases, or kidney function decline. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a stable blood sugar level on a daily basis. “Many people think their blood sugar is normal and don’t manage it properly,” said Ara Cho, head of the Endocrinology Department at Daedong Hospital. If you feel it, you should suspect a ‘blood sugar spike’.”
A blood sugar spike refers to a rapid rise in blood sugar after a meal. It is difficult to detect blood sugar spikes in basic blood tests performed in an empty stomach. Therefore, it is good to check the average blood sugar level for 2 to 3 months by performing the glycated hemoglobin test together with the blood test.
To prevent blood sugar spikes, get into the habit of eating certain amounts at regular times. It is also a way to eat protein and dietary fiber before carbohydrates at mealtime. Refrain from foods with a high glycemic index (GI), such as rice , donuts, rice cakes, and ramen . If you continue to sit after eating, your blood sugar rises, so it’s good to take a light walk for at least 10 minutes. Muscles store glucose and use it as an energy source, functioning as a protective barrier to prevent blood sugar from rising. Therefore, it is necessary to prevent muscle deterioration due to aging by regularly exercising according to one’s physical strength.